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中国凭什么能够对国际药品“灵魂砍价”?

对于医疗科技、生物技术、制药产业和高端医疗快三企业而言,中国医疗健康市场充满想象空间。

2019年11月,一段被称为“灵魂砍价”的中国医保局专家与外资药企的谈判视频刷屏了中国社交媒体。经谈判,跨国药企的70个药品被纳入国家医保药品目录,但销售价格平均下降61%,以“全球最低价”在中国销售。中国医保局为何能在谈判中使药品价格大幅下降?视频中的中方谈判专家给出了答案:中国市场巨大。目前,中国是全球第二大药品市场,根据数据提供商艾昆纬(IQVIA)的数据,中国药品销售总额在去年达到1370亿美元。

快三药品市场仅仅是中国巨大的医疗健康快三市场的冰山一角。2018年,中国卫生费用总支出为5.8万亿元,与2015年4万亿元的卫生费用支出相比,中国卫生费用支出在三年时间里增长了43%。中国医疗快三市场的巨大增长潜力,不仅仅是因为中国拥有14亿人口,经济增长与人口老龄化趋势构成了推动中国医疗市场快速增长的双“发动机”。

在改革开放的40年中,中国的年均GDP增长率达到了9.5%。中国的人均GDP预计在2019年将超过1万美元。根据清华大学全球产业研究院的分析结果,以美、欧、日、韩及马来西亚等国的经验来看,伴随国民收入的提升,人均医疗支出也将随之稳步提高,对医疗快三的品质要求也会持续提高。

中国早在2000年就已经步入老龄化社会。而在2019年,中国60岁以上老年人口达到2.49亿,老年人口的比重升至18%。目前,中国是世界上老年人口最多的国家,也是人口老龄化速度最快的国家。据中国全国老龄工作委员会预测,到2050年,中国老龄人口比例将增至28%,60周岁以上人口达到4.8亿,占全球老年人口的四分之一。而根据世界卫生组织的预测,中国老年人口比重在2050年将达到35%。

老龄人口是各种疾病的高发群体。根据卫生调查统计,65 岁以上群体的慢性病患病率高达89.4%,约为45-54 岁人群的3倍。中国倒金字塔型的家庭结构也使得难以仅依靠家庭来完成养老照料。未来,中国家庭需要的医疗健康快三必然是多类型、多层次的。

在经济发展与人口老龄化带来医疗市场机遇中,在中国当前双轨制的医疗体系下,高端医疗以高品质,个性化,以人为本的特质在这个市场赛道上占有独特重要位置。

以中国规模最大、最为知名的高端私人医疗快三机构和睦家为例。和睦家在北京、长三角和珠三角等发达城市群设有9家医院、14家诊所,2019年的门诊量预计将达到67万人。在其2018年的就诊患者中,69%为中国籍,而在2014年,中国籍患者的比例仅为54%,而在和睦家刚开业的那几年,外国病人占比99%,可见中国经济的增长激发了国人对高端医疗的追求。和睦家2019年的营业收入预计将达到25亿元,2015-2018年间的营业收入复合年增长率为13%,2019年调整后息税前利润(EBITDA)预计为4.69亿元,2015-2018年的复合年增长率达到35%。其息税前利润的增长率高于营业收入增长率,体现了很好的资产运营水平。

目前,高端医疗机构还主要集中在北京和上海,二线城市的高端医疗市场具有相当大的发展空间,很多私立医疗机构看好二线城市的发展前景,纷纷扩张和布局。这其中以专科医院为主,特别是专注生育快三和儿科诊疗快三的机构居多。

快三但中国新生儿数量在下降,而人口老龄化在持续发展。如果要更好地把握发展机会,高端私人医疗机构需要适时升级成长战略,关注心脑血管疾病、肿瘤等中老年人高发病症的医疗能力快三。医院的诊疗能力快三非一日之功,综合诊疗快三医院的品牌定位也需要相当长的时间才能建立。像和睦家这样的行业领先者,已经在采取行动。在和睦家2018年的营收构成中,来自妇产科和儿科的收入占比仅为39%,而骨科、外科、家庭医学、急诊科等在内的多科医疗快三收入在持续提高。其中,骨科的收入占比在2018年已经达到7%。在2019年中,和睦家获得新风天域投资集团的青睐,后者以约13亿美元的对价获得和睦家100%的股权。而和睦家的新东家新风天域此前已经入股上海易得康,战略投资深圳博德嘉联医生集团以及顾连医疗集团希愈肿瘤中心,全面布局中国的中高端医疗、康复医疗和养老医疗快三等领域。

快三瑞信集团2019年全球财富报告指出, 中国的百万富翁总数达到450万,低于美国,位居世界第二位。但是,中国净资产为10万美元及以上的“全球富裕人口”的数量首次超越美国。截至2019年年中,中国拥有1亿全球富裕人口,美国则有9900万。未来,虽然中国的GDP增速将有所下降,但在全球大型经济体中仍处于领先地位。中国的富裕人口将持续增加,医疗健康消费的升级也必将成为长期的趋势。

对于医疗科技、生物技术、制药产业和高端医疗快三企业而言,中国医疗健康市场充满想象空间。

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